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Jobs in Logistics Industries


The courier industry is about movement of documents, small parcels, messages, and mail. It is different from other similar forms such as postal services, in terms of its features like speed, security, tracking, customization of delivery terms and lastly, a commitment to deliver as per agreed timelines and consequently, it is more expensive.

 

Logistics is the management of movement of goods, including documents and also people. It involves many things—transportation, warehousing, and shipment through multiple modes like air, road, and sea, and rail, inventory management, tracking management, material handling, packaging, delivery tracking, delivery documentation, and even collection of payment.

Logistic Sector in India
The Logistics Sector plays a very key role in any economy—by transporting people, goods, and documents. Since goods have to be stored or warehoused before and after transportation, warehousing is considered part of the Logistics Sector. India’s spending on logistics activities (13 per cent of its GDP), is higher than that of the developed nations due to the relatively higher level of inefficiencies in the system, with lower average trucking speeds, higher turnaround time at ports, and high cost of administrative delays.

The NSDC Human Resource and Skill Requirements reports divide the Logistics Sector into seven sub-sectors.

  1. Passenger railways
  2. Freight railways
  3. Passenger roadways
  4. Freight roadways
  5. Packaging
  6. Warehousing
  7. Courier

The bulk of the jobs in this sector are either for graduates, or lie in the government sector and hence the coverage in this book is limited.

Anything that is larger than a parcel is called ‘cargo’. Cargo cannot be transported as easily as documents and parcels, and forms part of the Logistics Sector. Cargo needs to be transported to different locations via air, rail, sea, and road. Depending on the location and urgency, the mode of transport is decided. Some cargo requires special arrangements for storage and transport. A good example is the transport of milk, which is transported by special refrigerated trucks.

A very easy example to understand logistics
You go to an online site like www.BigBasket.com and order groceries. The company takes your order and promises delivery within 24 hours to your home. Many things must happen to keep this promise. The company should have the goods you have ordered, at the warehouse nearest to your home, the items must be packed, the likely delivery time must be intimated by SMS, a delivery boy must be assigned, he must reach your house, show you that the items that you ordered have been delivered in good packed condition, and complete the documentation. If there is a refund involved, you collect the money and he ensures that confirmation of the delivery reaches the company and lastly, makes you happy enough to order online again. A separate set of people are involved in replenishing the stocks in the warehouse. This entire delivery system is called Supply Chain Logistics.

Future Growth of the Industry
The logistics industry is expected to witness high growth over the next ten years due to the following reasons.

  1. Increased outsourcing: more companies are willing to outsource their logistics operations to focus on their core activities.
  2. The emergence of global 3PL (third-party logistics) companies is expected to drive outsourcing of transport and logistics activities.
  3. 3.Global 3PL companies will drive professionalization and improve the employment scenario, both in terms of salaries and better working conditions.
  4. Emergence of specialized value-added services, such as Liquid Logistics and Cold Chain will increase the demand for skilled professionals.
  5. IT penetration will increase productivity, leading to better salaries and demand for higher skills.
  6. Explosion of e-commerce operators will significantly increase logistics’ business opportunities.

Courier Services
A courier service is a specialized service involving either an individual or a company, which transports, dispatches, and delivers important messages, documents, and goods, at your doorstep within a stipulated time period, with a little more cost to you than the regular postal service. Couriers can be sent via rail, road, sea, and air. In courier services in all cases, the delivery is point-to-point.

a.Parcel Couriers
These are used to transfer small parcels/goods from one location to another, where delivery is guaranteed between 48–72 hours.

b.Domestic Couriers
These are used to transfer documents and parcels to different locations in the same country.

c.International Couriers
These are used to transfer documents and parcels to international locations, using air as the mode of transfer.

India presently has 2300 courier companies and the courier industry on the whole is worth Rs 7000 crore and is growing at the rate of 25 per cent every year.

Employment Opportunities in the Logistics Industry
Poor working conditions, low pay-scales relative to alternate careers, poor or non-existent manpower policies, and prevalence of unscrupulous practices have added to the segment’s woes, creating an image of the segment that holds few attractions for those seeking employment. However, this scenario will significantly change in the years to come.

Demand for People in this Industry
Employment in this industry is expected to grow from 16.74 million in 2013 to 28.40 million by 2022

  • The sector currently employs over 16.74 million employees and is slated to employ more than 28.4 million employees by 2022. This implies additional creation of 11.7 million jobs in the nine-year period.
  • The period 2013–17 will see a marginally higher growth in employment vis-à-vis 2017–22 due to an expected increase in the level of automation in logistics and warehousing operations, leading higher productivity levels of the workforce.

He has won various accolades and awards for his outstanding work. Through his unique vision of a franchise-based business model, he has taken DTDC to newer heights and provided employment to 5500 people who are his direct employees and to 5800-plus Channel Partners. He is commonly looked up to as the ‘Guru’ in his company. He truly is a living inspiration to many.

Author: T. Muralidharan
Name of publication: Telangana Today
Date published on: 13/08/2018
published in: Hyderabad
Tags: Jobs and Careers

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